Food & Beverage Manufacturing Starter Kit

The Food & Beverage Manufacturing Starter Kit provides everything you need to help you choose a location, set up your kitchen, obtain a health permit, and open your doors - including a printable version of the Food & Beverage Manufacturing Guide.

What’s inside

Guides (1)

Guide – F&B Manufacturing Guide

The Food & Beverage Manufacturing Guide is an overview of what it takes to open a food and beverage manufacturing business in San Francisco. Every business is different, but we provide the basic steps – along with tips, tricks and common mistakes to avoid. Explore below or download the Guide for quick reference.

Related Documents (3)

Business Plan Template – US Small Business Administration (SBA)

The US Small Business Administration (SBA) created this Business Plan Template to help you research and write your business plan.

Business Entity Comparison Table – SF Office of Small Business

This table provides an at-a-glance reference to how the most common business entity types — sole proprietorship, general partnership, C corporation, S corporation, and LLC — compare in a number of key characteristics.

A Guide to Disabled Accessibility Compliance (English) – SF Office of Small Business

The Guide to Accessibility Compliance brochure explains disabled access laws in detail and offers advice on how to protect your business from potential lawsuits. Since every business must comply with the Americans with Disability Act, this guide helps small businesses understand and meet those requirements. This brochure also serves as the Access Information Notice required by Administrative Code Chapter 38, where landlords must provide this information to tenants at the time of lease execution or amendment for spaces 7,500 sq. ft. or less.

Permits (16)

Sign Permit

Required for most business signs. Includes fabricated and hanging signs, as well as signs that have been painted directly on a building.

Building Permit

Permit required for any additions, alterations, or repairs to a building, and electrical wiring and plumbing installations.

Weighing & Measuring Device Permit

The Weights and Measures program registers weighing or measuring devices to ensure consumer protection and rights. Applies to any business that will be using regulated weighing and measuring devices, including Point of Sale & Taxi Meters.

Weights & Measures Automated Point of Sale Registration

Registration required for businesses that have at least one Point of Sale (POS) station. Also called a cash register.

Manager's Food Handling Certification

At least one employee at each retail food facility must be certified as a food safety person by passing an approved examination. The certified person can be any owner, manager, or employee responsible for safe food handling.

Food Handler's Card

All individuals involved in preparation, storage, or service of food must obtain a "Food Handler Card".

Canning Facility License

FDA license authorizing food-canning facilities to operate.

Food Facility Registration

Inspects and authorizes facilities that prepare food for commercial sales or distribution to operate.

Application for Federal Inspection (Meat, Poultry, Egg Product, and Catfish)

A Federal Grant of Inspection enables you to sell your product in interstate commerce for resale.

Seller’s Permit

Permit required in order to sell or lease tangible personal property in the State of California.

Food Manufacturing Cannery License

St Health Department authorization for facilities to operate, canning pH Control Foods -Acidified Low-Acid Foods (AF), and/or Thermal Process-Low Acid Canned Foods (LACF).

Food Manufacturing Cold Storage or Refrigeration Facility License

Authorizes facilities to hold refrigerated foods at temperatures less than 45 degrees Fahrenheit.

Food Manufacturing Frozen Food Locker Plant License

Authorizes facilities to hold refrigerated foods at temperatures less than 5 degrees Fahrenheit that do not exceed 25 cubic feet of space.

Food Manufacturing Shellfish Handling and Marketing License

The Certificate authorizes dealers to engage in specific activities such as shucking, repacking and reshipping, and contains a unique number for each facility. The certificate number is placed on all shellfish tags and labels to indicate that the product has come from a certified or legal facility.

Processed Food Registration

Permit required to sell manufactured food to a retailer. Also required for some SF DPH permits, including Farmer's Market Booth Registration.

Organic Processed Product Registration

Permit required to sell organic manufactured food to a retailer.

Cottage Food Operation (CFO) Permit

Allows you to sell manufactured food directly from the CFO to the consumer OR indirectly, from the CFO to a Retail Food Facility (eg. market, bakery, restaurant, etc).

Food & Beverage Manufacturing Guide

The Food & Beverage Manufacturing Guide is an overview of what it takes to open a food and beverage manufacturing business in San Francisco. Every business is different, but we provide the basic steps – along with tips, tricks and common mistakes to avoid. Explore below or download the Guide for quick reference.

Set Up Your Business

Create a plan

Create a plan for the type of manufacturing business you will open.

Choose a business structure

Choose a business structure. LLCs, Corporations, and Limited Partnerships register with California Secretary of State. General Partnerships and Sole Proprietorships register with the County Clerk.

Apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN)

Apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN), also known as a Federal Tax ID Number, from the IRS. This is used to identify your business and allows you to hire employees. If you are a sole proprietor, you may be able to use your Social Security Number instead.

Register your Business

Register your Business with the City through the Office of the Treasurer and Tax Collector (TTX) and the Office of the Assessor-Recorder.

Choose and file a business name

File a Fictitious Business Name (FBN) Statement at the Office of the County Clerk if you will be using a name other than your given name, the names of your partners, or the officially registered name of your LLC or corporation. Research the name’s availability in your county before filing.

Apply for a Seller’s Permit

Apply for a Seller’s Permit from the CA State Board of Equalization in order to sell taxable goods in the state of California.

Obtain liability insurance

Obtain liability insurance for your business.

Obtain workers’ comp insurance

Obtain workers' compensation insurance.

Choose a Location

Choose one of three location options

Choose between: Manufacturing at home (subject to cottage food laws), in a commercial kitchen, or in your own space.

Note
If you prefer not to take on your own kitchen, you may also choose to use a co-packer – an established food company that processes and packages your product according to your specifications.

Option I: Manufacturing at Home

If manufacturing at home, you must follow California Homemade Food Act regulations including restrictions on gross sales, type of food, and employees.

Note
The California Homemade Food Act (also called the Cottage Food Act) is open to the following types of businesses: 1) Businesses producing “non-potentially hazardous” foods (eg. foods that do not require refrigeration); 2) Businesses making under $50K in annual gross sales; 3) Businesses with no more than one full-time employee outside the immediate family.

Note
There are two classes of homemade food producers. The class you fall under determines who inspects your home kitchen. Regardless of your class, you must attend a food processing course. 1) Class A (Direct sales): If you only sell directly to the consumer, you may conduct your own health inspections; 2) Class B (Indirect sales): If you sell through a third-party retailer such as a market, bakery, or restaurant, your home kitchen must be inspected annually by the county health department. In SF, that would be the SF Department of Public Health.

Option II: Commercial Kitchen

If searching for a commercial kitchen, be sure to consider cost, insurance, storage options, ingredients allowed, delivery rules, and hours.

Option III: Company Kitchen

If outfitting your own kitchen, find a location zoned for Production, Distribution, and Repair (PDR) use. If a space does not fall under PDR, it could require a “Change of Use” or “Conditional Use” application, which can include a public hearing and neighborhood notification.

Visit the Planning Information Center

Visit the SF Planning Department's Planning Information Center at 1660 Mission St. to understand zoning and building codes. These requirements will determine where you open your restaurant.

Note
Taking over a space that already was used for your type of manufacturing saves time and construction costs, as long as the space had recently passed inspections and was in compliance with current requirements.

Note
Consider common manufacturing needs such as loading docks, roll up doors, floor drains, and proper ventilation.

Sign your lease.

Sign your lease. Leases can be tricky, so review the lease carefully with a lawyer before signing.

Prepare Your Space

New construction

Submit plans and documents to the SF Department of Building Inspection. Change and resubmit plans as needed.

Water and Wastewater Capacity Charge

If your business will use more water than the previous business or resident, you may have to pay a capacity charge to the SF Public Utilities Commission (PUC). This is especially common for food and beverage manufacturers.

Note
Get an estimate of the water capacity charge from the PUC before you sign a lease. This fee can be high, especially if your location was not used for manufacturing before.

Fats, Oils, & Grease

Install approved grease-capture equipment (i.e. traps or interceptors) in your kitchen to prevent clogged pipes and sewer backups.

Gas and Electric Services

If your business needs new or additional gas or electric services, contact PG&E Building and Renovation Services to start the application process.

Transit Impact Development Fee

If your business will increase the number of people coming to your area, you may have to pay a Transit Impact Development Fee to the SF Municipal Transportation Agency (MTA).

Note
Small businesses may be eligible for Transit Impact Development Fee waivers or reductions.

Signs

If you want to install or change a canopy or sign on the outside of the building, ensure you comply with the SF Planning Department sign guidelines.

Registration of Food Facilities

Register your food facility with the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Food & Beverage

Manager’s Food Safety Certification

Obtain a Manager’s Food Safety Certification for yourself and/or a designated employee. This person is responsible for teaching other employees proper food handling.

Food Handler Card

Ensure all employees have a Food Handler Card. SF DPH offers a few options for obtaining this card.

Processed Food Registration

Apply for the Processed Food Registration from the CA Department of Public Health. This license is required to sell your goods to a retailer/wholesaler.

Note
Most manufacturers wait to apply for this license until they go after their first retail account.

Note
Your application may require a Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) Plan which is monitored by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

No trans fats

Don’t serve any foods containing trans fats, per California State law. SFDPH enforces the trans fat compliance program to ensure that no food containing artificial trans fat is stored, distributed, served, or used in the preparation of any food.

What If...

Cottage Food Health Permit to Operate

If you will be manufacturing food at home you must apply for your Cottage Food Operation (CFO) Permit from the SF Department of Public Health within 6-8 weeks of your planned open date. Your application will require Proof of Worker’s Compensation Insurance, Proof of Food Safety Certification, and a Business Registration Certificate.

Organic Food Manufacturing

If you will be manufacturing organic food, you must apply for the Food Manufacturing Organic Processed Product License from the CA Department of Public Health.

Handling Shellfish

If you will be shucking, repacking, or reshipping shellfish, you must apply for a Shellfish Handling and Marketing License from the CA Department of Public Health.

Nutritional Analysis

If you your product sales to retailers surpass $50,000 in annual gross sales, the FDA requires that you conduct a nutritional analysis of your food or beverage. This includes determining the raw nutrient values of a given product and is necessary to create the nutrition facts label.

Note
Business that sell less than $50,000 of product annually fall under the Small Business Nutrition Labeling Exemption.

Employees

If you plan to hire employees, be sure to follow all wage and employment guidelines.

Labeling

Naming

Name your food accurately. This name, often called the "Statement of Identity," can be either the "common name" or a "fanciful name" of the food. It should be placed on the Principal Display Panel (PDP) – usually the front of the box or container.

Nutrition Facts

Include a Nutrition Facts label on the information panel (the label panel adjacent and to the right of the PDP.)

Count, Net Weight, or Volume

Declare the count, net weight, or volume of your product. This must be stated in both US (inches/pounds/fluid ounces) units and metric units (grams/liters). Eg. Net Wt. 8 oz. (226 g).

Ingredient List

Packaged foods composed of two or more ingredients are required to include an ingredient list.

Manufacturer, Packer, or Distributor

Identify the manufacturer, packer or distributor on your product label. This is considered the responsible firm and must include the firm’s name, city, state, and zip code.

Note
Some businesses and products are exempt from nutrition labeling, including small businesses as defined by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Review the exemptions in the FDA’s Guidance for Industry: A Food Labeling Guide.

Allergens

All food labels must identify in plain language whether the food contains any of eight (8) major food allergens: milk, egg, fish (eg. bass, flounder, or cod), crustacean shellfish (eg. crab, lobster, or shrimp), tree nuts (eg. almonds, pecans, or walnuts), wheat, peanuts, and soybeans.

Note
While product dating is optional for most food products, there are two types to choose from: 1) Open dating is recommended for all foods that are readily perishable as it provides information in a conventional date format; 2) Lot codes on the other hand, provide information using letters, numbers, and symbols and are used by the manufacturer, rather than the consumer.

Potentially Hazardous Foods (PHF)

Potentially Hazardous Foods (PHF) must have the statement "Perishable Keep Refrigerated" on the label in a conspicuous location, normally on the PDP.

Alcohol

If a confectionery product contains alcohol in excess of ½ of one percent by weight, state that fact on the food label.

Juices

All beverages containing juice must declare the percent of total juice on the Information Panel and comply with Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP).

Cottage Food Labeling

Cottage Food producers are required by the CA Department of Public Health (CDPH) to note on their food labels that the product was made or repackaged in a home kitchen. Be sure to follow all CA DPH labeling requirements.

Note
Cottage Food Producers must also state the registration or permit number of the “Class A” or “Class B” cottage food operation which produced the cottage food product and, in the case of a “Class B” cottage food operation, the name of the county of the local enforcement agency that issued the permit number.

Meat and Poultry Product Labels

Labels for meat and poultry products that are being sold out of the state are reviewed by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service.

Safe Handling Instructions

Raw meat and poultry products (e.g., fresh and frozen) including shell eggs must display safe handling instructions on their labels.

Note
Dietary supplements are regulated differently than conventional foods. Be sure to follow both Federal and State dietary supplement laws.

Barcode

Obtain a barcode for each product if you will be selling to major retailers. GS1 US issues unique product codes (UPC) for a fee.

After Opening

Post required posters and permits

Post all required posters and permits including No Smoking signs, minimum wage information, health inspection results, written operational procedures, etc.

Equipment maintenance and permit renewals

Mark your calendar. Schedule equipment maintenance and set reminders to renew your permits and licenses as needed.

Health Inspections

Be prepared for SFDPH Health Inspections by checking walls, floors, and ceilings for damage, following best practices for food storage, collecting garbage, ensuring workers have good hygiene.

Pay your taxes.

Prepare and pay your local, state, and federal taxes. Learn more from the SF Treasurer, SF Assessor, CA Franchise Tax Board, and the IRS.